Cisco CCNA mock exam questions sample test – Question 406

.Which classful protocols perform an automatic summarization of routes when routers send updates across major classful network boundaries? (Choose two.)

A. RIPv1
B. RIPv2
F. BGPv4

Correct Answer: AC

The classful routing protocols Routing Information Protocol version1 (RIPv1) and Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (IGRP) summarize routes at classful network boundaries. RIPv1 is
a standard distance vector protocol that uses hop count as a metric. IGRP is a Cisco Systems proprietary distance vector routing protocol that has a composite metric based on
bandwidth, delay, load, reliability, and maximum transmission unit (MTU).
In classless routing protocols RIPv2, Open Shortest Path First (OSPF), Enhanced IGRP (EIGRP) and Border Gateway Protocol version 4 (BGPv4), route summarization can be
controlled manually at any bit position in the IP address. Classless routing protocols transmit subnet mask along with the routes, and therefore manual summarization may be required
at times to keep the routing table size in control.
It should be noted that RIPv2 and EIGRP, although classless protocols, will perform automatic summarization by default unless the no auto-summary command is configured. Once
no auto-summary is configured, you can manually configure summarization on any bit position in the IP address. Since you can override auto-summarization in both RIPv2 and
EIGRP, RIPv1 and IGRP are better answers to this question.
Routing Fundamentals
Compare and contrast interior and exterior routing protocols
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