CCNA Practice Exam Test Sample – Question 130

Why do large OSPF networks use a hierarchical design? (Choose three.)

A. to decrease latency by increasing bandwidth
B. to reduce routing overhead
C. to speed up convergence
D. to confine network instability to single areas of the network
E. to reduce the complexity of router configuration
F. to lower costs by replacing routers with distribution layer switches

Correct Answers: B,C,D
Section: IP Routing Technologies

Explanation:
OSPF implements a two-tier hierarchical routing model that uses a core or backbone tier known as area zero (0). Attached to that backbone via area border routers (ABRs) are a number of secondary tier areas. The hierarchical approach is used to achieve the following:

• Rapid convergence because of link and/or switch failures
• Deterministic traffic recovery
• Scalable and manageable routing hierarchy, reduced routing overhead.